Satpura Tiger Reserve
SATPURA TIGER RESERVE
SATPURA TIGER RESERVE
SATPURA TIGER RESERVE
SATPURA TIGER RESERVE
SATPURA TIGER RESERVE
SATPURA TIGER RESERVE
SATPURA TIGER RESERVE
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Glimpses of Satpura Tiger Reserve

Satpura is a Sanskrit word, that means seven mountains (Sapta=seven;Pura=mountain).

Most of the Satpura range was heavily forested after declaration of core critical habitat and Buffer Zone, special attention has been given for habitat improvement and regular watch and ward ensured. These measures have been consequently resulted in the richness of faunal population. These forest enclaves provide habitat to several endangered species, including the Tiger. Madhai, Churna and Pachmarhi plateau areas of this landscape preserved marvellously for protection of flora and fauna.

Satpura Tiger Reserve is prime example of central Indian highlands ecosystem. It is an unique area of high natural and diverse land resource values. Area is endowed with rich biodiversity. It has a large number of rare and endemic plants especially bryophytes and pteridophytes like Psilotum, Cyathea, Osmunda, Lycopodium, Lygodium etc.
On Pachmarhi plateau Sal forests exist on Gondwana sandstone where as on lower plains teak forests grow on basaltic traps. It is interesting to note that some species, which are not common elsewhere in Madhya Pradesh are found in this area.
saal
These are Malastoma malabthricum, Moraya paniculata, Holmskildia senguines, Blumea lancelaria, Sophora interrupta etc. There are 26 Spp. of Himalayas and 42 Spp. of Nilgiri hills are found here.
This landscape is most vital for survival of tigers as it is the part of large tiger bearing habitat of over 10,000 sq.km., which is extended over Chhindwara, Hoshangabad, Betul, Harda, Khandwa and Melghat areas.
This area has historically been renowned for Tiger, Gaur and Sambar; the later two supposedly there in finest sizes found in the country (Forsyth 1889). At least 14 endangered species of mammals, birds and reptiles inhabit these forests. The flying squirrel, Indian Giant Squirrel and Leaf nosed Bats must be regarded among the most sensitive to habitat changes. This protected area is also a paradise for people interested in avian fauna; more than 300 species of birds can be seen which include Malabar pied horn-bill, Malabar whistling thrush and the State Bird of Madhya Pradesh Paradise Flycatcher. Area also visited by many migratory birds like Indian Skimmers, Black bellied tern, Brahmni duck, Bar-headed Geese, Pintails, Spotbills etc.
historically This area is very important from view point of archaeology and study of human evolution history as there are more than 50 rock shelters with beautiful painting which are 1500 to 10,000 years old. Some of them are having very rare depictions of elephants, lions,Tigers, Porcupines and Pangolins.

The altitude ranges from 300 to 1,352 metres (980 to 4,436 ft). The terrain of the national park is extremely rugged and consists of fascinating deep valleys, sandstone peaks, narrow gorges, rivulets, waterfalls, thick dense green forest of Sal and other medicinal herbs. The slopes and plains are occupied with teak, bamboo and miscellaneous species. It also has large tracts of best quality Teak forests in the Bori WLS. str
Satpura Tiger Reserve is gifted with many values that attract hoards of tourists, pilgrims, scientists etc. to the area